Giant Marvels of Melbourne

Melbourne is a vibrant, urban metropolis of skyscrapers, giant structures towering upwards to dizzying heights. The heart and soul of the city is a concrete jungle of high-rise commercial and residential buildings constructed in a fusion of architectural styles, which suits Melbourne’s evolving cosmopolitan landscape.

Below are a selection of Melbourne’s most noted skyscrapers:

Eureka Towers

Standing at a height of 300 metres, Eureka Towers is one of the world’s tallest residential structures, consisting of 576 apartments in addition to office, retail and hospitality facilities.

120 Collins Street

Designed in collaboration with Hassell Architects and Daryl Jackson, this 53-storey landmark echoes characteristics of art deco architecture, including a central mast and setbacks similar to New York’s Empire State Building.

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101 Collins Street

Located at the ‘Paris’ end of Melbourne, 101 Collins is a monument epitomising style and class. The building facade is accentuated with glass buttresses, while the focal point within the interior are the travertine columns and the use of opulent materials including marble and 23 carat gold leaf. The design in essence is one of grandeur and elegance, to compliment the cultural heart of the city.

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Prima Pearl

Towering at a height of 256 metres, Prima Pearl shimmers with boldness. Incorporating over 8500 high performance, bronze glass panels, the building is Melbourne’s second tallest residential structure.

568 Collins Street

Designed by Bruce Henderson Architects, 568 Collins Street stands at 224 metres in height, spanning 68 storeys. The overall structure is slick and slender in form, defined by three distinct vertical stratas that are delineated with deep balcony reveals.

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Bourke Place

Constructed in the tradition of modernist architecture, Bourke Place was built during the office boom of the late 1980s. The overall structure consists of 51 floors and its 223 metre height is topped off with a sloping roof. Of most significance is its facade, which incorporates 170,000 metres of laminated glass.

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640px-bourke_place_2008Telstra Corporate Centre

 

The Telstra Corporate Centre opened in 1992 and was designed by Perrot Lyon Matheison, the same architect behind the Rialto Towers. Located on Exhibition Street, the structure spans 47 floors and towers at a height of 219 metres.

Melbourne Central

Kisho Kurokawa, Bates, Smart & McCutcheon and Hassel Pty. Ltd are the design force behind Melbourne Central. Its architecture combines historical and contemporary elements. This is evident with the heritage listed shot tower, a historical landmark enclosed within the conic glass atrium. Both of which are dominated by the “Crystal Cut” office tower (featuring a facade of reflective and tinted glass panels), that stands adjacent to the retail and commercial complex.

Freshwater Place

Freshwater Place aims to transform the cityscape, by establishing the ‘new norm’ of urban environments. The structure is a symbiosis of high-density residential living combined with commercial, hospitality and retail spaces.

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freshwater_place_in_southbank2c_in_july_2007Abode 318

Located opposite the State Library of Victoria, Abode 318 is a 57 storey residential tower consisting of 433 apartments. Designed by Elenberg Fraser Architects, the building is noticeably curving in form and structure. The aim of which is to maximise views and offer privacy for each unit on every floor.

 

References

  1. http://www.fkaustralia.com/projects
  2. http://www.grollohistory.com.au/History/1990s/120-Collins-Street-Melbourne
  3. http://www.jacksonarchitecture.com.au/#/projects/120-collins-street-melbourne/
  4. http://www.onlymelbourne.com.au/101-collins-st#.V4ibZvl97Dc
  5. http://www.101collins.com.au/about/
  6. http://www.primapearl.com.au/
  7. http://www.bh-architects.com/projects/selected/62-568-collins-street-melbourne
  8. http://www.walkingmelbourne.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=4869
  9. http://openbuildings.com/buildings/telstra-corporate-centre-profile-14162?_show_description=
  10. http://www.walkingmelbourne.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=2529
  11. http://dynamic.architecture.com.au/awards_search?option=showaward&entryno=20063008
  12. https://www.theurbandeveloper.com/melbournes-abode318-sustainable-luxury-in-the-city/
  13. http://www.schiavello.com/project-database/abode318/

 

Spiritual Marvels of Melbourne

Have a little faith, this post is not focused on any religion. Instead, the post is a visual tour of some of Melbourne’s most architecturally acclaimed churches. Praised for their majestic design, these houses of worship will enlighten you with their grandness and history.

St Patrick’s Cathedral

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Designed by William Wilkinson Wardell, St Patrick’s Cathedral is a prime example of Gothic-Revival design. Located on the edge of the city grid, the structure is laid out in the style of a Latin cross, incorporating a nave with side aisles, transepts flanked by side aisles, a sanctuary including seven chapels positioned in a chevet around it, and sacristies.

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A cross six metres in height sits atop of the main spire. The pinnacles of the Cathedral tower upwards, representing heaven above, while the gargoyles perched around the church are trademark features befitting the Gothic aesthetic.

St Paul’s Cathedral

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St Paul’s Cathedral represents the signature style of ne0-Gothic transitional architecture. Designed by William Butterfield, the cathedral consists of three giant spires, with the central spire considered to be the second highest of all Anglican churches, running second to the Salisbury Cathedral.

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This historic landmark features a sandstone facade and incorporates polychromatic brickwork, intricately arranged floor tiles, exquisitely patterned mosaics, banded stonework, timbered roof and finely tiled dado walls.

St Mary’s Star of the Sea

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Designed by Edgar J. Henderson, St Mary’s Star of the Sea church was built within the parameters of French Gothic architecture. The outer perimeter of the building is constructed in the shape of a cruciform, comprising of an aisled nave of five bays, with soaring clerestory, wide transepts, eastern chapels, and a two-bay sanctuary ending in a tripartite apse.

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St Mary Star of the sea renown for its opulent interior incorporating intricate stained glass windows, grand marble and granite pillars, unique timber ceiling and extravagant marble altars.

Scot’s Church

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The current Scot’s Church standing today was designed by highly regarded architects Reed and Barnes. The structure embodies the characteristics of Decorated Gothic or early English architecture. The interior is one of restraint featuring timber fixtures and intricate stained glass windows.

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Like many churches built during the period, Scot’s overall layout is based on a cruciform shape. The church spire stands at 210 feet in height, which provides a commanding presence on site.

St Michael’s Uniting Church

St Michael's Uniting Church, Melbourne (20 June 2012)

You can’t help but notice the striking architecture of St Michael’s Uniting Church. Designed in the 1860s by Joseph Reed, the building’s aesthetic reflects the Lombardic style of architecture. The design incorporates Romanesque arches, a turreted spire and multicoloured brickwork.

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The interior evokes a theatre layout featuring a semi-circular shape floor plan with a sloping floor and tiered seating, a gallery area to further expand the seating capacity and a coved ceiling for acoustic purposes.

References: 

  1. http://www.cam.org.au/cathedral/History/Article/13333/A-Quest-for-Perfection-William-Wilkinson-Wardell-and-St-Patricks-Cathedral
  2. https://cathedral.org.au/
  3. http://www.thatsmelbourne.com.au/Placestogo/MelbourneLandmarks/Historic/Pages/7575.aspx
  4. http://www.ohta.org.au/organs/StMaryStarSea/
  5. http://www.onmydoorstep.com.au/heritage-listing/1276/st-mary-star-of-the-sea-church-complex
  6. http://www.scotschurch.com/about/scots-church-info/history/
  7. http://www.ohta.org.au/organs/organs/ScotsMelbourne.html
  8. https://thatsmelbourne.com.au/Placestogo/MelbourneLandmarks/Historic/Pages/6946.aspx
  9. http://stmichaels.org.au/the-church/the-history-of-st-michaels/

 

Iconic Marvels of Melbourne

I love Melbourne, a city that is defined for its vibrant atmosphere, a passion for sport and a hub for fine food, wine and great coffee, often embraced through its cafe culture.

As a tourist destination and from an architectural perspective, what is quintessentially Melbourne? Nothing else epitomises Melbourne more than the following landmarks, which form the very fabric of this fine city: Flinders Street Station, the Shrine of Remembrance, the Rialto Towers, the GPO, the Arts Centre, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Luna Park and Melbourne Star.

Flinders Street Station

Built in 1910, Flinders Street Station is the heart of a comprehensive railway network in Melbourne. The facade of this iconic structure was a result of a worldwide design competition awarded in 1900 to JW Fawcett and HPC Ashworth.

 

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Shrine of Remembrance 

Constructed between 1928-1934, the Shrine of Remembrance was built in honour of the men and women of Victoria who served in the First World War. The structure is a poignant memorial dedicated to honour those who sacrificed their lives while fighting bravely for their country.

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The Rialto Towers

At 253 metres high, the Rialto Towers are a pair of giant structures designed by architects Gerard de Preu and Partner and Perrott Lyon Mathieson. The Towers is noted for its mirrored facade and covers a total area of 160,000 sq metres, with one building standing at 56 storeys and the other at 43.

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The Rialto Towers

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The Rialto Towers

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The Rialto Towers

The Arts Centre

The Arts Centre is famous for its 162 metre high spire that fans out into flowing folds, representing a ballerina tutu wrapping itself around the Theatres Building like steel webbing.

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The Arts Centre

Melbourne GPO

The GPO is in fact the heart of Melbourne, the epicentre of the city. The landmark is characterised by its Renaissance Revival architectural style, highlighted by a stone facade and layers of archways and columns.

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GPO

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GPO

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MCG

The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), considered by Aussie sporting fanatics as Down Under’s very own version of Mecca. The stadium is a spiritual home of sport, a place of religious worship, hosting the AFL Grand Final as well as Test and One Day international cricket.

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MCG

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MCG

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MCG

Luna Park

Located in St Kilda along Port Phillip Bay, Luna Park is a historical amusement park that was built in 1912. The venue is renown for its main entrance featuring a colourful bold face with a giant mouth, which acts as a focal point to draw in crowds. Some of the main attractions include Ferris Wheel, Terrace Tea Gardens, Scenic Railway and Pharaohs Daughter.

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Luna Park

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Luna Park

Melbourne Star

Located in Melbourne’s Docklands, the Melbourne Star is a giant ferris wheel that gives both visitors and locals spectacular views of the cityscape. The 40 storey high structure consists of 21 cabins that allows uninterrupted, 360 degree perspective of the city.

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Melbourne Star

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Melbourne Star

 

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References

  1. http://ptv.vic.gov.au/about-ptv/victoria-s-pt-network/history/early-history-of-public-transport/
  2. http://www.cv.vic.gov.au/stories/built-environment/flinders-street-station/
  3. http://www.visitvictoria.com/regions/Melbourne/Things-to-do/History-and-heritage/Heritage-buildings/TV-Flinders-Street-Station.aspx
  4. http://www.shrine.org.au/The-Shrine-Story/History
  5. http://www.onlymelbourne.com.au/shrine-of-remembrance#.V3nssfl97Dc
  6. http://www.thatsmelbourne.com.au/Placestogo/MelbourneLandmarks/Historic/Pages/4465.aspx
  7. http://www.grollohistory.com.au/History/1980s/Rialto-Towers-Melbourne
  8. http://www.travelvictoria.com.au/regions/melbourne/melbourneobservationdeck/
  9. http://www.cv.vic.gov.au/organisations/arts-centre-melbourne/
  10. http://www.we-love-melbourne.net/arts-centre-melbourne.html
  11. file:///C:/Users/Claudine/PC%20Folders/Downloads/Corp%20Media%20Kit%20%20Spire.pdf
  12. http://www.visitmelbourne.com/regions/Melbourne/Things-to-do/Art-theatre-and-culture/Performing-arts/Arts-Centre-Melbourne.aspx
  13. http://www.melbournesgpo.com/story/
  14. http://www.walkingmelbourne.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=801
  15. http://www.thatsmelbourne.com.au/Placestogo/SportsEntertainment/AllSportsandEntertainment/Pages/4584.aspx
  16. http://www.australia.com/en/places/vic/melbourne-cricket-ground.html
  17. http://lunapark.com.au/park-info/about-luna-park/
  18. https://www.australianexplorer.com/melbourne_luna_park.htm
  19. http://www.melbournestar.com/en/visitor-info/about-us/
  20. http://www.visitvictoria.com/regions/Melbourne/Things-to-do/Family/Melbourne-Star-Observation-Wheel.aspx
  21. http://www.weekendnotes.com/the-melbourne-star-observation-wheel/
  22. http://www.onlymelbourne.com.au/melbourne-star#.V3rvr_l97Dc